Climate Change & Coastal Māori Communities
Nature, culture, design, contemporary art and science
Using the knowledge systems of whakapapa (genealogy), hīkoi (walking) and kōrero tuku iho (ancestral knowledge) to activate community understandings of and responses to climate change.
Based around two coastal Māori farms and a whānau trust in the Horowhenua-Kāpiti region, this project collaborated with iwi and hapū to identify culturally informed climate change adaptation strategies. We also tested the economic, environmental and cultural implications of each strategy through a series of designed, whole-of-farm scenarios.
All participants, including Māori land- and farm-owners, scientists and senior architecture students, co-designed solutions around land and water use that brought together understandings of kaitiakitanga as well as of climate change risks. We identified many possibilities for rejuvenation and transformation, including moving from dairying to other types of farming (such as algae farming, green-lipped mussels or fish hatcheries), or to growing sustainable cash crops such as flax or mānuka honey from bees.
We shared our collective learning through hui and ongoing exhibitions – including one in an old dairy shed next to the Kuku Stream. The project created real opportunities for hapū and iwi to consider how they might adapt their land management and community planning in line with future sea level rise, coastal erosion, salinification and extreme weather. In this way, the project offers a model of participation and engagement that might assist other communities to come together and move forward in a changing climate.
We invite you to read our final research report:
This project in the media:
- Māori are among the most vulnerable to climate change Stuff NZ
- Seven projects advance Māori climate research, Radio NZ
- The third Wai o Papa Exhibition: A project of hope for Māori Coastal communities, Deep South Challenge
- Breaking the ice, NIWA
- Climate Change Adaptations for Coastal Farms: Bridging Science and Mātauranga Māori with Art and Design, Penny Allan, Martin Bryant and Huhana Smith, The Plan Journal (2018)
- Mātauranga Māori, art and design: unconventional ways for addressing climate change impacts, Huhana Smith, Penny Allan and Martin Bryant, Key Concepts in Indigenous Studies (2018)
- Moving from Phase One to Two: Mātauranga Māori, Art, Design, Ecological Economics and Climate Change Science, Huhana Smith, European Society for Oceanists publication (2018)
- Thresholds and contingencies: a design process for regional coastal resilience, Penny Allan and Martin Bryant, Design for Coastal Resilience (2018)
- Climate Talk: Dr Huhana Smith, The Dowse Podcast
- This Time of Useful Consciousness—Political Ecology Now, a climate change exhibtion at Dowse Art Museum, included Whakatairangitia: rere ki uta, rere ki tai, an exhibition underpinned by cultural knowledge of place from Horowhenua hapū informants.