Testing the NZESM through a single vertical column

Wooden sign that reads "Scott Base" in front of research buildings in Antarctica

Developing capacity in process assessment and improvement in NZESM through the use of the single column version of the model

Imagine that you’re standing at Scott Base in Antarctica. Look straight up into the atmosphere. Our project tests the accuracy of the NZ Earth System Model (NZESM) along this vertical column.

The NZESM is a powerful tool for simulating climate – but it’s very complex. Its mathematical formulae simulate many physical systems and all the ways they might interact with each other. Its scale and complexity makes it difficult to assess how accurately the NZESM represents the individual physical processes that comprise it. By running the NZESM on a single column with no horizontal dimension – instead of running it across the entire globe – we greatly reduce its complexity.

By focussing on this single column we can bring to bear all the complex physics of the NZESM on a small area, and more easily evaluate the reliability of the model. Running the model at this scale is much faster and far cheaper than the full NZESM, so we can do tests that would otherwise take years. We can iterate quickly, tweaking and testing the model to make it more accurate.

Our project benefits from a rich suite of atmospheric measurements recently collected at sites around Scott Base – measurements of solar and thermal radiation at the earth’s surface, measurements of the temperature and concentration of gases through the vertical column, and measurements of clouds.

If the model can accurately replicate our observations, then we’ll have confidence in its accuracy on a wider scale. If not, we can hone in on the problem and try to fix it. In this way, we’re developing an independent and cost-effective means to assess and validate physical processes against the NZESM.

Project contact: Jono Conway, Bodeker Scientific
Project budget: $91,300
Project duration: October 2017 – September 2018

This project in the media:
New Zealand's Next Top Model, New Zealand Geographic
Breaking the ice, NIWA



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