Simulating New Zealand's changing climate
Establishing a New Zealand earth system modelling capability
A project which sits at the heart of the Deep South Challenge is the construction of the NZ Earth System Model (NZESM). The NZESM is a kind of crystal ball – a mathematical model of the earth’s natural systems so intricate it can predict the effects of emissions from our atmosphere, land and seas, and the
terrestrial and marine biosphere, far into the future.
- Project funding: $1.9 million
- Project Duration: Initially 2015-2019
The two main aims of this major endeavour are to advance our fundamental understanding of important climate processes, and to predict New Zealand’s future climate out to the year 2100.
Almost all of the world’s climate modelling capacity is based in the northern hemisphere. Yet gaps in international observations and understandings of the deep south region (of great importance to global climate change) are reflected in projections of climate produced by these models. Our proximity means this particularly impacts the quality of climate projections for New Zealand.
In this significant endeavour – an international partnership led by the UK Meteorological Office – we’re helping to develop a powerful climate model and are augmenting it with improved formulations of Southern Ocean and Antarctic processes, informed by Deep South Challenge observations, to develop a comprehensive tool for simulating climate – the NZESM. We’re awaiting a new supercomputer – arriving in stages between late 2017 and early 2018 – which will greatly enhance our capacity to contribute to global understandings of climate change and make more accurate predictions of future climate in New Zealand and the Pacific.
By strengthening our ability to understand and anticipate our future climate, we’re giving New Zealanders the best possible chance to adapt and manage risk
in the years to come.
Primary Contact and Principle Investigator:
- Dr Olaf Morgenstern, NIWA Olaf.Morgenstern@niwa.co.nz
Olaf holds a PhD in meteorology and has worked in the UK and Germany on the development of atmospheric chemistry and chemistry-climate models. He is leading the New Zealand Regional Atmosphere Programme, is an elected member of the International Commission on the Middle Atmosphere (ICMA). More information on Olaf’s work can be found here.
- New Zealand e-Science and Infrastructure
- UK Met Office
- NEMO ocean modelling consortium
- Los Alamos sea ice modelling group
- Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research
Other Earth System Modelling and Prediction projects:
- Simulating New Zealand's changing climate
- Near-term climate predictions for New Zealand
- Antarctic sea ice
- Clouds & aerosols over the Southern Ocean
- Evaluating the NZESM against modern & historical observations
- The Southern Ocean in a warming world
- Stratospheric chemistry in the NZESM, led by NIWA, Wellington
- Testing the NZESM through a single vertical column, led by Bodeker Scientific
- New methods to simulate Southern Ocean clouds, led by University of Canterbury
Have a look at all Deep South Challenge Projects
Latest news and updates
The recent Edgecumbe floods saw raw sewage floating through the streets, making the clean-up extremely challenging. Over 300 homes in the district were damaged and six months later, 240 houses are still unliveable. Flood-proofing the town itself remains a distant goal.
The Deep South Challenge announces new research into who should bear the cost of our changing climate, and when.
All over New Zealand, from Haumoana to Westport, from Edgecumbe to the Kāpiti Coast, from Dunedin to Wellington City, homeowners and businesses are starting to feel the financial effects of climate change.
Susan Livengood is the Partnerships Director of the Deep South Challenge, and works within the Engagement programme – which tries to connect what’s happening in every programme of the challenge with both the broader public and with targeted individuals and organisations throughout New Zealand’s public and private sectors.