Processes and Observations
Improving our understanding of the global climate system by observing processes in Antarctica, the Southern Ocean and the atmosphere.
Understanding our Deep South
Antarctica, the Southern Ocean and the atmosphere above them have a significant influence on the climate in the Southern Hemisphere.
Yet gaps in our understanding about Southern Ocean and Antarctic processes limit the reliability of global climate prediction.
The earth’s climate is so complex that individual components of the climate system, and their interactions, need to be well understood if future predictions are to be reliable.
The projects in this programme focus on improving our knowledge about poorly understood aspects of the ocean, sea ice, and atmosphere in the deep south. The projects improve our ability to produce more accurate climate models and projections for New Zealand.
- The Southern Ocean in a warming world (joint project with the ESMP programme)
- Carbon dioxide & the Southern Ocean
- Taking the Pulse of the Ross Sea Outflow
- Antarctic sea ice (joint project with the ESMP programme)
- 4D drones to measure Antarctic clouds, snow & ice
- Clouds & aerosols over the Southern Ocean (joint project with the ESMP programme)
- Evaluating the NZESM against modern & historical observations (joint project with the ESMP programme)
Have a look at all Deep South Challenge Projects
Primary contact and Science lead
Latest news and updates
Susan Livengood is the Partnerships Director of the Deep South Challenge, and works within the Engagement programme – which tries to connect what’s happening in every programme of the challenge with both the broader public and with targeted individuals and organisations throughout New Zealand’s public and private sectors.
Q&A with NIWA's sea ice researcher Natalie Robinson
On Monday 4 September, Minister for Science and Innovation Paul Goldsmith will open the inaugural Deep South Challenge symposium at the Wharewaka (Wellington waterfront), about how New Zealand can and must change in line with our changing climate.