Climate Change & Coastal Māori Communities
Nature, culture, design, contemporary art and science
Using the knowledge systems of whakapapa (genealogy), hīkoi (walking) and kōrero tuku iho (ancestral knowledge) to activate community understandings of and responses to climate change.
Based around two coastal Māori farms and a whānau trust in the Horowhenua-Kāpiti region, this project collaborated with iwi and hapū to identify culturally informed climate change adaptation strategies. We also tested the economic, environmental and cultural implications of each strategy through a series of designed, whole-of-farm scenarios.
All participants, including Māori land- and farm-owners, scientists and senior architecture students, co-designed solutions around land and water use that brought together understandings of kaitiakitanga as well as of climate change risks. We identified many possibilities for rejuvenation and transformation, including moving from dairying to other types of farming (such as algae farming, green-lipped mussels or fish hatcheries), or to growing sustainable cash crops such as flax or mānuka honey from bees.
We shared our collective learning through hui and ongoing exhibitions – including one in an old dairy shed next to the Kuku Stream. The project created real opportunities for hapū and iwi to consider how they might adapt their land management and community planning in line with future sea level rise, coastal erosion, salinification and extreme weather. In this way, the project offers a model of participation and engagement that might assist other communities to come together and move forward in a changing climate.
Project contact: Huhana Smith, Te Rangitāwhia Whakatupu Mātauranga Ltd
Project Budget: $250,000
Project Duration: October 2015 – March 2017
This project in the media:
Seven projects advance Māori climate research, Radio NZ
The third Wai o Papa Exhibition: A project of hope for Māori Coastal communities, Deep South Challenge
Breaking the ice, NIWA
Research and findings:
Climate Talk: Dr Huhana Smith, The Dowse Podcast
This Time of Useful Consciousness—Political Ecology Now, a climate change exhibtion at Dowse Art Museum, included Whakatairangitia: rere ki uta, rere ki tai, an exhibition underpinned by cultural knowledge of place from Horowhenua hapū informants.
Mātauranga Māori, Art and Design for addressing climate change impacts in farming practices, Huhana Smith, The Plan Journal (2018)
Mātauranga Māori, art and design: unconventional ways for addressing climate change impacts, Huhana Smith, Key Concepts in Indigenous Studies (2018)
Moving from Phase One to Two: Mātauranga Māori, Art, Design, Ecological Economics and Climate Change Science, Huhana Smith, European Society for Oceanists publication (2018)
Latest news and updates
2018 may well be the year New Zealand gets serious about adapting to our changing climate. Last year, and the start of this one, gave all of us plenty of opportunities to experience a future in which creeping sea level rise and extreme weather – from drought to flood to surprise storm surges – make day-to-day life more precarious and more expensive.
In October 2017, the Deep South Challenge released a report into the state of the nation’s storm and waste water infrastructure, in the face of a changing climate. The report garnered significant media attention – not surprising given the infrastructure is currently valued at well over $20 billion.
The Deep South Challenge awards funding to investigate climate-resilient, high-value crops for the whānau of Omaio
The whānau of Omaio in the Bay of Plenty have joined forces with NIWA researchers to explore the viability of climate-resilient, high-value crops for the rohe. The group has won a $250,000 research grant under the Vision Mātauranga programme of the Deep South National Science Challenge to better understand Omaio’s changing climate and how it might support the community to create a local economy based around a high-value product like kiwi fruit.